Internet has become an engine for innovation, economic growth, job creation and social progress. It is accelerating innovation, reshaping established industries, facilitating new ways of doing business, and transforming social behaviours. At the same time, this increasing diversification of usage patterns and of applications, is posing stronger requirements on the underlying networking and computing infrastructures. User privacy and data protection also emerge as technology drivers. The aim is to provide an integrated response to the technology challenges and to the innovation needs, in order to position Europe at the forefront of the Internet developments. The use and development of open source software will be encouraged where appropriate to further promote openness, facilitate the sharing of project results and accelerate innovation in Europe through the introduction of novel products and services.