Topics in this area address research and innovation in the two ICT Key Enabling Technologies (KETs), photonics and micro- and nanoelectronics. The objective is to translate Europe's S&T excellence in these two ICT KETs into strengthened competitiveness and market leadership and increased economic impact. In addition the objective is to develop innovative solutions to societal challenges and deliver clear benefits to the European citizen.

The photonics topics cover research and innovation activities under the photonics public private partnership (PPP). These will mainly be implemented through this Work Programme under this challenge, however some topics related to laser-based manufacturing are covered in the Work Programme of the Factories of the Future (FoF) PPP.

The micro- and nanoelectronics part will be implemented by the Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) on 'Electronic Components and Systems' and through this Work Programme.