ESFRI is a platform established in 2002 within the European Commission with the decision of the Council of Europe for the purpose of more efficient use of existing research infrastructures in the European Research Area and the establishment of infrastructures around the world in Europe and the determination of compatible and strategy oriented policies for such infrastructures.

ESFRI consists of representatives of the European Union, Member States and delegations appointed by the relevant ministries of the researching countries of associated countries including Turkey, as well as representatives of the European Commission. ESFRI is obliged to prepare the ESFRI Roadmap, where the infrastructures will be invested in significant amounts by Europe in the long run. First ESFRI Roadmap was launched in 2006 then followed 2008 and 2010. Last ESFRI Roadmap was published in 2018

In order for the infrastructure to take place on the roadmap, it must be prepared by a Member State and submitted to ESFRI and must be accepted by the ESFRI's relevant Working Groups. Roadmaps are based on continuity. The infrastructure of the preliminary phase is kept in the road map until it can be sustained by the same and financial contributions from its partners. The infrastructures reaching this level are removed from the map and new places are opened. Infrastructures that have been brought to a certain level but cannot sustain their presence due to a number of reasons are not included in the new version as the roadmap is being updated.

The mentioned multi-partner and mature infrastructures can then be a European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ERIC). ERIC is an international legal personality like international organizations. The feasibility studies to be carried out during the preparation stages of the infrastructures are supported in the framework of the Framework Programs for work such as management&governance, business plan, stakeholder involvement and etc. INFRADEV calls are designed to support long-term and large-budget projects on the ESFRI Roadmap.

State-of-the-art research infrastructures where basic research can be done are becoming more and more complex in the technical and scientific sense, requiring more expensive, different instruments, services and data to work together and therefore require international cooperation. By providing integration between existing resources and national and regional research infrastructures and opening these infrastructures to the use of researchers from other nations, the level of scientific research carried out in the European Research Area and forefront science can be conducted.