Public engagement (PE) leads to multiple benefits:

  • it contributes to building a more scientifically literate society able to actively participate in and support democratic processes, and science and technology developments,
  • it injects differing perspectives and creativity in research design and results, and
  • it contributes to fostering more societally relevant and desirable research and innovation outcomes to help us tackle societal challenges.

PE implies that the establishment of iterative and inclusive participatory multi-actor dialogues between researchers, policy makers, industry and civil society organisations, NGOs, and citizens; to foster mutual understanding and co-create research and innovation outcomes and policy agendas effective in tackling societal challenges, and fostering wider acceptability of results.