Public engagement (PE) leads to multiple benefits:
- it contributes to building a more scientifically literate society able to actively participate in and support democratic processes, and science and technology developments,
- it injects differing perspectives and creativity in research design and results, and
- it contributes to fostering more societally relevant and desirable research and innovation outcomes to help us tackle societal challenges.
PE implies that the establishment of iterative and inclusive participatory multi-actor dialogues between researchers, policy makers, industry and civil society organisations, NGOs, and citizens; to foster mutual understanding and co-create research and innovation outcomes and policy agendas effective in tackling societal challenges, and fostering wider acceptability of results.